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Building the Professional Library Infrastructure in Sierra Leone


Introduction

Developing nations are characterised in a single way by diminishing economies. Sierra Leone is a such country that despite government and donor support, education is a major challenge. The problem continues to be worsened, because of the fact that libraries happen to be neglected. Based on the African Development Bank (ADB) Sierra Leone Country Office (2011), the entire funds deliver to education through the ADB/ADF finances as much as 2010, involved US$ 22 million. The work supported the making of 90 Eight (98) primary schools, Fifty Four (54) Junior Secondary Schools (JSS), Eight (8) Vocational Abilities Training Centres and Twelve (12) duplex housing blocks for instructors. The work also provided practicing Four 1000 and Fifty (4,050) instructors. Teacher manuals were also provided. However, nothing was available readily available for library development. This neglect of libraries, implies that libraries in Sierra Leone with limited sources, need to interact to meet up with the data needs of the customers. One library might not have the ability to effectively and superbly satisfy the information needs of its customers. Library cooperation thus remains, urgently needed.

Library Scene in Sierra Leone

The nation has all of the different kinds of libraries they vary from public, academic, special to college libraries. Additionally to those are information and resource or documentation centres that offer library and knowledge services. In addition, you will find museums, like the National and also the Peace Museums, and also the National Archive that also provide information services.

However, the Sierra Leone Library Board (SLLB) that was established by an action of Parliament in 1959 can serve as the domain from the provision of library and knowledge services in the united states. It truely does work as both National along with a Public library. Up to now it features a Central library and headquarters situated in Freetown, Regional branches in Provincial headquarter cities, and branches in most District cities, totaling 21 years old (21) libraries [One (1) central and headquarter library, three (3) regional libraries, 16 (16) branch libraries, and 2 (2) sub-branches.

Libraries in Sierra Leone are thus, institutions for that storage and distribution of knowledge are suitable for customers they offer customers with guides along with other finding lists they offer sufficient accessibility documents or records customers may decide to consult they’ve subject arrangement and they’re cost-effective.

Library Cooperation

The word cooperation describes the joint action of several parties for mutual benefit. Library cooperation means swapping cataloguing records, building complementary collections, swapping library materials by inter-library loan and document delivery service, joint buying of library materials or robotic voice, supplying services to every others’ customers. Library cooperation can also be referred to as a contract, combination, or number of libraries created to attempt a company past the sources associated with a one member.

There are various kinds of cooperative activities and probably the most popular activities are reciprocal borrowing, union catalogues or lists, photocopying services, cooperative reference service, delivery services, cooperative acquisition plans, subject specialisation in collection development, centralised cataloguing and card production, in addition to central storage of materials.

Burgett, Harr and Phillips (2004) stated that there’s evidence that cooperation among libraries to talk about sources dates back to some lengthy way, a minimum of towards the first 1 / 2 of the 13th century, when monasteries developed what we should would today recognise as union catalogs of manuscripts to assist in their scholarly activities. Musana (1991) established that information resource discussing has been around as lengthy as libraries and other kinds of information services. The presence of a library is itself a kind of cooperation. Many libraries has been around since because several people having a common desire and aspiration desired to put an accumulation of materials together to be used through the group people. In the past, the driving pressure behind the evolution of resource discussing concept was the need to fulfill the felt needs from the user population. Earlier, each library was an organization, serving or attempting to serve the requirements of its very own customers and buying materials to satisfy their primary needs.

Beenham and Harrison (1990) however noted that a mix of conditions managed to get more and more difficult for a person library to become self-sufficient. These conditions include:

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